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Biguanide: Improves sensitivity of the body tissues to insulin


Sulphonylureas: Helps the body produce more insulin.

(Glibenclamide . Gliclazide . Glipizide . Glimepiride . Tolbutamide)

Alpha glucosidase inhibitor: Delay the absorption of carbohydrates.


Thiazolidinediones: Increases sensitivity to insulin. Since this is associated with many side effects, it is prescribed only if it is necessary.

(Rosiglitazone . Pioglitazone)

DPP-4 inhibitors: Helps reduce blood sugar levels, without much side effects. (Sitagliptin . Saxagliptin . Linagliptin)

SGLT2 inhibitors: Prevent kidneys from absorbing excess glucose. Excess sugar is excreted in urine. This might include side effects of repeated urinary infections, increased urination.

(Canagliflozin . Dapagliflozin)

Insulin injection: This helps manage the sugar level efficiently, usually, prescribed for long standing or very high sugar levels. There are many types of Insulin.

(Insulin glulisine . Insulin lispro . Insulin aspart . Insulin glargine . Insulin detemir . Insulin isophane)


Several types of insulin are available. Each type starts to work at a different speed, known as “onset,” and its effects last a different length of time, known as “duration.” Most types of insulin reach a peak, which is when they have the strongest effect. Then the effects of the insulin wear off over the next few hours or so.

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"Information contained herein is meant to help inform and educate people but not to attempt to self diagnosis or self medicate. Therefore before doing anything or taking any medication people must consult their Physician."

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